The relationship of spirituality to coronary heart disease

Altern Ther Health Med. 2001 Sep-Oct;7(5):96-8.

Abstract

Several studies suggest that religious involvement or spiritual well-being may affect health outcomes. This study was designed to investigate whether the scores from a questionnaire measuring spiritual well-being correlated with progression or regression of coronary heart disease as measured with computerized cardiac catheterization data. Participants in Dr Dean Ornish's Lifestyle Heart Trial were given the "Spiritual Orientation Inventory." A significant difference was found in the spirituality scores between a control group and a research group that practiced daily meditation. The spirituality scores were significantly correlated with the degree of progression or regression of coronary artery obstruction over a 4-year time period. The lowest scores of spiritual well-being had the most progression of coronary obstruction and the highest scores had the most regression. This study suggests that the degree of spiritual well-being may be an important factor in the development of coronary artery disease.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Disease Progression
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Mental Healing*
  • Observer Variation
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life*
  • Religion and Medicine*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires