Substance P (free acid) adopts different conformation than native peptide in DMSO, water and DPPC bilayers

J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2001 Aug;19(1):129-38. doi: 10.1080/07391102.2001.10506726.

Abstract

The conformation of substance P (free acid) (SPOH) has been investigated in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), water and dipalmitoylphosphotidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers by two-dimensional NMR and restraint molecular dynamics simulations. The observed NOE patterns for SPOH in these media are very much different from each other. Molecular modeling of the conformation of SPOH by incorporating NOEs as distance restraints shows wide differences in its conformation in three media. The main structural features for SPOH in DMSO are y-bends at Pro4 and Phe7 along with a non-specific bend around Lys3-Pro4-Gln5-Gln6, which are stabilized by Lys3CO-->Gln5NH, Gln6CO-->Phe8NH hydrogen bonding. The more flexible conformation of SPOH in water is transformed to an ordered structure after incorporation in DPPC bilayers. The conformation of SPOH in DPPC bilayers is characterized by gamma-bends at Pro4, Gln6 and Phe7, which are stabilized by hydrogen bonding between Lys3CO-->Gln5NH, Gln5CO-->Phe7NH and Gln6CO-->Phe8NH, respectively. The absence of biological activity in SPOH has been attributed to the absence of any helix like structure at the central residues and absence of any interresidue interaction with C-terminal OH group, in DPPC bilayers, a feature shown to be an important prerequisite for SP and SP agonists to bind to the NKI tachykinin receptor.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Substance P / chemistry*
  • Thermodynamics
  • Water

Substances

  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Water
  • 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine
  • Substance P
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide