Class I and III polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases from Ralstonia eutropha and Allochromatium vinosum: characterization and substrate specificity studies

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 Oct 1;394(1):87-98. doi: 10.1006/abbi.2001.2522.

Abstract

Class I and III polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases catalyze the conversion of beta-hydroxybutyryl coenzyme A (HBCoA) to polyhydroxybutyrate. The Class I PHA synthase from Ralstonia eutropha has been purified by numerous labs with reported specific activities that vary between 1 and 160 U/mg. An N-terminal (His)6-PHA synthase was constructed and purified with specific activity of 40 U/mg. The variable activity is shown to be related to the protein's propensity to aggregate and not to incomplete post-translational modification by coenzyme A and a phosphopantetheinyl transferase. The substrate specificities of this enzyme and the Class III PHA synthase from Allochromatium vinosum have been determined with nine analogs of varied chain length and branching, OH group position within the chain, and thioesters. The results suggest that in vitro, both PHA synthases are very specific and provide further support for their active site structural similarities. In vitro results differ from studies in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acyltransferases / classification*
  • Acyltransferases / genetics
  • Acyltransferases / isolation & purification
  • Acyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Betaproteobacteria / enzymology*
  • Binding Sites
  • Coenzyme A / metabolism
  • Gammaproteobacteria / enzymology*
  • Kinetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Acyltransferases
  • poly(3-hydroxyalkanoic acid) synthase
  • Coenzyme A