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Review
, 15 (5), 705-22

Epidemiology of NSAID-related Gastroduodenal Mucosal Injury

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Review

Epidemiology of NSAID-related Gastroduodenal Mucosal Injury

C Aalykke et al. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol.

Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the agents most frequently used against musculoskeletal and rheumatic disorders throughout the world. The gastroduodenal adverse effects include dyspepsia without endoscopically proven damage, asymptomatic endoscopic lesions of submucosal haemorrhage, erosions and ulcers, and-most important-ulcer complications. Established risk factors for NSAID-associated ulcer complications include patient-specific factors such as advanced age, female gender, a history of peptic ulcer, and drug-specific factors such as the use of non-selective NSAIDs (type, dose, duration, multiple use) and concomitant anticoagulant drugs or corticosteroids. Probable risk factors comprise Helicobacter pylori infection and heavy consumption of alcohol, whereas use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, smoking and a number of other factors have also been proposed to contribute. Knowledge of absolute risk estimates is important for clinical decision making. The aim of this chapter is to summarize the epidemiological data related to the broad spectrum of iatrogenic gastroduodenal mucosal injury.

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