Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the long term survival of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection and to assess the association of clinical, pathological, and treatment features with survival.
Methods: Between January, 1990, and December, 1998, 125 patients underwent a pancreaticoduodenal or partial pancreatic resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma at our institution. The records of these patients were reviewed for demographics, tumor characteristics including size, histological grade, margin status, lymph node status, surgical TNM staging, and postoperative adjuvant therapy. The primary outcome variable analyzed was survival.
Results: A total of 116 patients had complete follow-up and were included in the final analysis. The median survival after surgery was 16 months. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-yr survival rates for all 116 patients were 60%, 23%, 19%, and 11%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-yr survival rates for patients who received adjuvant therapy were 69%, 28%, 23%, and 18% compared with 20% and 0% in patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy (p < 0.0001). The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-yr survival rates for patients with negative lymph nodes were 73%, 38%, 26%, and 22% compared with survival rates of 52%, 14%, 14%, and 9% in patients with positive lymph nodes (p = 0.01). In multivariate analyses, adjuvant therapy was the only feature found to be strongly associated with survival (hazards ratio = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.15-0.44).
Conclusions: The overall 5- and 7-yr survival rates of 19% and 11% in our study further validate that surgical resection in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma can result in long term survival, particularly when performed in association with adjuvant chemoradiation.