Management of canine diabetes

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2001 Sep;31(5):855-80, vi. doi: 10.1016/s0195-5616(01)50003-0.


The majority of diabetic dogs appear to have a form of type 1 diabetes analogous to the latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA) in humans. Evidence of acute or chronic pancreatitis occurs in about 40% of diabetic dogs. Blindness caused by cataract formation eventually occurs in the majority of diabetic dogs and is not dependent on glycemic control. Insulin is the mainstay of therapy for diabetic dogs, and a conservative approach to insulin therapy is crucial. Most diabetic dogs require twice-daily dosing with lente or NPH insulin to adequately control their clinical signs. The diet fed should primarily be palatable and nutritionally balanced. Improved glycemic control may be achieved in some dogs if the diet contains increased insoluble fiber.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Area Under Curve
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diet therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / diet therapy
  • Dog Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Dog Diseases / physiopathology
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hypoglycemia / veterinary*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Polyuria / veterinary
  • Sex Factors
  • Thirst


  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin