Background: Macrophages often infiltrate into solid tumor tissues. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are known to play a crucial role in tumor progression. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is one of the major chemokines capable of inducing chemotactic migration of monocytes.
Methods: With the objective of investigating the clinical significance of MCP-1, the authors analyzed the expression of MCP-1 and of some other molecules by immunohistochemistry in 230 samples of primary breast carcinoma tissue. MCP-1 staining was performed using an anti-MCP-1 monoclonal antibody, and it was assessed by grading the percentage of stained cells.
Results: It was found that 117 breast tumor specimens (51%) had intensive staining in tumor cells. The expression of MCP-1 in tumor cells had a significant correlation with the expression of thymidine phosphorylase and membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase. In addition, MCP-1 expression tended to be associated with the accumulation of TAMs, which were counted by CD68 staining, and with microvessel density. MCP-1 expression in TAMs was correlated significantly with the histologic vessel invasion of tumor cells.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that MCP-1 may play key roles in macrophage recruitment, in the expression of angiogenic factors, and in the activation of matrix metalloproteinases in patients with breast carcinoma.
Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.