Subspecialty adnexal ophthalmological examination using telemedicine

J Telemed Telecare. 2001;7 Suppl 1:29-31. doi: 10.1177/1357633X010070S112.


We studied the clinical outcome of examination of a group of patients with adnexal (eyelid and orbit) conditions. Seventeen patients with adnexal problems were assessed by an ophthalmologist at a distance using telemedicine, and then subsequently by an ophthalmologist in a face-to-face consultation. Measurements such as palpebral aperture, levator muscle function and eyelid skin crease position were recorded. The clinical outcomes from both consultations were recorded independently by the consultants and then compared. The study showed that certain adnexal conditions, such as congenital and involutional ptosis, could be accurately assessed using telemedicine, but that other conditions, such as socket problems in patients who had a previous enucleation or those with non-specific ocular pain with less clear-cut features, were better assessed in a face-to-face consultation. Overall, teleconsultations appeared to be suitable for the assessment of uncomplicated ptosis but not for less well defined conditions. Other factors, such as family dynamics and language problems, also limited the usefulness of the technique.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Communication Barriers
  • Diagnostic Errors
  • Eyelid Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Remote Consultation*
  • Reproducibility of Results