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Clinical Trial
, 35 (5), 342-3

Phenylethylamine, a Possible Link to the Antidepressant Effects of Exercise?

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Clinical Trial

Phenylethylamine, a Possible Link to the Antidepressant Effects of Exercise?

A Szabo et al. Br J Sports Med.

Abstract

Objectives: To determine in this pilot study whether aerobic exercise affects phenylacetic acid concentration in the urine.

Methods: Twenty healthy men provided 24 hour urine samples on two consecutive days for the determination of phenylacetic acid levels. Before and during day 1, subjects refrained from physical activity; on day 2 subjects ran on a treadmill at 70% of their maximal heart rate reserve (MHRR) for 30 minutes.

Results: The 24 hour mean urinary concentration of phenylacetic acid was increased by 77% after exercise.

Conclusion: As phenylacetic acid concentration in urine reflects phenylethylamine level, which is known to have antidepressant effects, phenylethylamine may be linked to the therapeutic effects of physical exercise on depression.

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