Detection of insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Cuba and Venezuela

J Med Entomol. 2001 Sep;38(5):623-8. doi: 10.1603/0022-2585-38.5.623.

Abstract

Four strains of Aedes aegypti (L.), one from Cuba and three from Venezuela, were bioassayed for susceptibility to eight insecticides, including the organophosphates, temephos, malathion, fenthion, pirimiphos methyl, and chlorpyrifos, and the pyrethroids, deltamethrin, lambda cyhalothrin and cypermethrin, S, S, S,-tributyl phosphorotrithioate and piperonyl butoxide were used as synergists to assess the involvement of esterases and monooxygenases in organophosphate resistance. Venezuelan strains had low levels of resistance to fenthion and malathion, and moderate to high resistance to temephos, pyrimphos methyl, and chlorpiriphos. All strains were susceptible to the pyrethroids, except the Cuban strain, which had moderate levels of resistance to cypermethrin. Organophosphate resistance in Ae. aegypti is a serious threat to control operations. Integrated strategies for Ae. aegypti control to prevent or delay pyrethroid resistance in Venezuela and Cuba are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aedes / drug effects*
  • Aedes / enzymology
  • Aedes / genetics
  • Animals
  • Cuba
  • Esterases / genetics
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics
  • Insecticide Resistance
  • Insecticides / pharmacology*
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • Organothiophosphorus Compounds*
  • Pyrethrins / pharmacology*
  • Venezuela

Substances

  • Insecticides
  • Organothiophosphorus Compounds
  • Pyrethrins
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Esterases