[Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis-- I. Review]

Klin Padiatr. Sep-Oct 2001;213(5):271-6. doi: 10.1055/s-2001-17218.
[Article in German]

Abstract

Juvenile and adolescent "Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis" (CRMO) is described on the basis of literature and analysis of 43 own cases (23 cases in children or adolescents). This systemic, non-purulent inflammatory disease occurs mainly metaphyseal in long bones, in pelvic bones or as spondylitis and is not as rare as it seemed. Basis of the disease is a primarily chronic, sterile, in phase of onset often monotopic (e.g. clavicle) and later frequently polytopic osteomyelitis, possibly triggered by an immuno-pathological process (e.g. Proprionibacterium acnes), and showing histologically plasmacellular invasion and a sclerosing process in different stages. Association with pustulous dermatosis (psoriasis, acne, palmo-plantar pustulosis) is found in about 25 % of children and adolescents and in more than 50 % of the adult patients. 5 differents types of distribution of osteomyelitic lesions can be found by using Te99m-bone scan primarily, of which the "pelvic type" is the most common. Because of the close neighbourhood of meta-/epiphyseal osteomyelitic focuses, "sympathetic arthritis" with synovitis is seen frequently. A therapeutic approach with azithromycine and calcitonine is presented.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Hyperostosis Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Azithromycin / administration & dosage
  • Azithromycin / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Osteomyelitis* / diagnosis
  • Osteomyelitis* / drug therapy
  • Osteomyelitis* / etiology
  • Recurrence
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Azithromycin