Mouse spermine binding protein (SBP) has been characterized using mass spectrometry, including its localization within the prostate, sequence verification, and its posttranslational modifications. MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) mass spectrometry was employed for localization of proteins expressed by different lobes of the mouse prostate obtained after tissue blotting on a polyethylene membrane. The mass spectra showed complex protein profiles that were different for each lobe of the prostate. The prostate-specific spermine binding protein (SBP), primarily identified by its in-source decay fragment ion signals, was found predominantly expressed by the ventral lobe of the prostate. The MALDI in-source decay measurements combined with nanoESI (nanoelectrospay ionization) MS/MS measurements obtained after specific proteolysis of SBP, allowed the exact positioning of a single N-linked carbohydrate group, and the identification of a pyroglutamate residue at the sequence N-terminus. The N-linked carbohydrate component was further investigated and the general pattern of the N-linked carbohydrate identified. The presence of a disulfide bridge between cysteine78 and cysteine124 was also established. The full sequence characterization of SBP showed several strain-based sequence differences when compared to the published gene sequence.