Children of divorce in the 1990s: an update of the Amato and Keith (1991) meta-analysis

J Fam Psychol. 2001 Sep;15(3):355-70. doi: 10.1037//0893-3200.15.3.355.


The present study updates the P. R. Amato and B. Keith (1991) meta-analysis of children and divorce with a new analysis of 67 studies published in the 1990s. Compared with children with continuously married parents, children with divorced parents continued to score significantly lower on measures of academic achievement, conduct, psychological adjustment, self-concept, and social relations. After controlling for study characteristics, curvilinear trends with respect to decade of publication were present for academic achievement, psychological well-being, self-concept, and social relations. For these outcomes, the gap between children with divorced and married parents decreased during the 1980s and increased again during the 1990s.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Divorce / psychology*
  • Educational Status*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marriage / psychology
  • Mental Health*
  • Psychology, Child
  • Research Design
  • Self Concept*
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Adjustment*
  • United States / epidemiology