Objective: To examine the feasibility and safety of a low anterior resection of the rectosigmoid plus adjacent pelvic tumour as part of primary cytoreduction for ovarian cancer.
Methods: This study included 65 consecutive patients with primary ovarian cancer who had debulking surgery from 1996 through 2000. All patients underwent an en bloc resection of ovarian cancer and a rectosigmoid resection followed by an end-to-end anastomosis. Parameters for safety and efficacy were considered as primary statistical endpoints for the aim of this analysis.
Results: Postoperative residual tumour was nil, <1 cm, and >1 cm in 14, 34, and 14 patients, respectively. The median postoperative hospital stay was 11 days (range, 6 to 50 days). Intraoperative complications included an injury to the urinary bladder in one patient. Postoperative complications included wound complications (n = 14, 21.5%), septicemia (n = 9, 13.8%), cardiac complications (n = 7, 10.8%), thromboembolic complications (n = 5, 7.7%), ileus (n = 2, 3.1%), anastomotic leak (n = 2, 3.1%), and fistula (n = 1, 1.5%). Reasons for a reoperation during the same admission included repair of an anastomotic leak (n = 1), postoperative hemorrhage (n = 1), and wound debridement (n = 1). Wound complications, septicemia, and anastomotic leak formation were more frequent in patients who had a serum albumin level of < or =30 g/L preoperatively. There was one surgically related mortality in a patient who died from a cerebral vascular accident 2 days postoperatively.
Conclusions: An en bloc resection as part of primary cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer is effective and its morbidity is acceptably low.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.