TRAIL-induced eradication of primary tumour cells from multiple myeloma patient bone marrows is not related to TRAIL receptor expression or prior chemotherapy

Leukemia. 2001 Oct;15(10):1650-7. doi: 10.1038/sj.leu.2402251.

Abstract

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) shares significant homology with CD95 (Fas) ligand and has the ability to induce apoptosis in sensitive cells through a caspase-mediated pathway. We have evaluated the activity of purified human recombinant soluble TRAIL (S-TRAIL, comprising residues 114-281; Biomol, Plymouth Meeting, PA, USA) and a leucine zipper construct of TRAIL (LZ-TRAIL; Immunex, Seattle WA, USA) against myeloma cell lines NCI H929, U266, RPMI 8226, the FasL-sensitive Jurkat T cell ALL line, the lymphoblastoid cell line MC/CAR and primary tumour cells from 16 myeloma patients. Furthermore, we examined the relationship between TRAIL-induced apoptosis and TRAIL receptor expression utilising RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Two of three myeloma cell lines and Jurkat were TRAIL sensitive whereas MC/CAR was relatively resistant. Five of 16 (31%) primary tumours demonstrated > or =20% reduction in myeloma cells following TRAIL incubation (20-59%). This did not correlate with prior therapy. Four cell lines (two sensitive) and five primary tumours (two sensitive) demonstrated mRNA expression of the intra-cellular death domain containing TRAIL-R1. Variable expression of the two decoy (TRAIL-R3 and R4) and soluble (osteoprotegerin) receptors was seen and this did not correlate with TRAIL resistance. We conclude that myeloma cell expression of death effector receptors for TRAIL is insufficient to confer sensitivity to TRAIL-induced apoptosis but that in a significant minority of patients, irrespective of prior therapy, tumour cells are sensitive to TRAIL. The further investigation of TRAIL as an adjunct to presently available therapies for myeloma is justified.

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • Bone Marrow Cells / pathology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Resistance
  • Flow Cytometry
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • Humans
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / drug effects
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / pharmacology*
  • Multiple Myeloma / pathology*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / metabolism
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 10c
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / drug effects*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Decoy Receptors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
  • GPI-Linked Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 10c
  • TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • TNFRSF10A protein, human
  • TNFRSF10B protein, human
  • TNFRSF10C protein, human
  • TNFSF10 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Decoy Receptors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha