Veterinary Use and Antibiotic Resistance

Curr Opin Microbiol. 2001 Oct;4(5):493-9. doi: 10.1016/s1369-5274(00)00241-1.

Abstract

Globally, an estimated 50% of all antimicrobials serve veterinary purposes. Bacteria that inevitably develop antibiotic resistance in animals comprise food-borne pathogens, opportunistic pathogens and commensal bacteria. The same antibiotic resistance genes and gene transfer mechanisms can be found in the microfloras of animals and humans. Direct contact, food and water link animal and human habitats. The accumulation of resistant bacteria by the use of antibiotics in agriculture and veterinary medicine and the spread of such bacteria via agriculture and direct contamination are documented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Drug Utilization
  • Humans
  • Veterinary Drugs*
  • Veterinary Medicine*

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Veterinary Drugs