Ocular surface reconstruction in LOGIC syndrome by amniotic membrane transplantation

Cornea. 2001 Oct;20(7):753-6. doi: 10.1097/00003226-200110000-00016.


Purpose: To determine whether preserved amniotic membrane can be used to reconstruct the ocular surface after excision of the invading granulation material typical of LOGIC syndrome (laryngeal and ocular granulation tissue in children from the Indian subcontinent).

Methods: Granulation tissue was dissected and excised from both eyes of a 10-year-old boy with LOGIC syndrome. This procedure was followed by coverage of the corneal, scleral, and subtarsal regions of each eye with amniotic membrane, which had been stored for 6 months at -70 degrees C.

Results: Initial 2.5-month follow up demonstrated complete disappearance of granulation tissue. The fornices were patent, there was no recurrence of symblepharon, ocular inflammation was suppressed, and the patient reported markedly increased comfort. Both eyelids remained ptotic because of levator muscle atrophy secondary to many years of inability to open either eye. No residual scarring or evidence of granulation tissue was observed in that period. The 10-month follow up demonstrated limited recurrence, particularly where there was an intraoperative break in the amniotic membrane.

Conclusions: After 24 operations to treat the ocular complications induced by LOGIC syndrome, amniotic membrane transplantation was the first effective treatment. In the early follow up period (2-3 months), there was complete cessation of the proliferation of granulation tissue and reepithelialization of the corneal surface. Longer follow up (10 months) demonstrated limited recurrence, which will require retreatment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amnion / transplantation*
  • Child
  • Corneal Diseases / complications
  • Corneal Diseases / surgery*
  • Eyelid Diseases / complications
  • Eyelid Diseases / surgery*
  • Granulation Tissue / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Diseases / complications
  • Male
  • Skin Diseases / complications
  • Syndrome