Disabled early recruitment of antioxidant defenses in Friedreich's ataxia

Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Sep 15;10(19):2061-7. doi: 10.1093/hmg/10.19.2061.

Abstract

Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) results from a generalized deficiency of mitochondrial iron-sulfur protein activity ascribed to mitochondrial iron overload. However, iron overload appears to be a late event in the disease. Here we show that neither superoxide dismutases nor the import iron machinery was induced by an endogenous oxidative stress in FRDA patients' fibroblasts in contrast to control cells. Superoxide dismutase activity was not induced in the heart of conditional frataxin-KO mice either. This suggests that continuous oxidative damage to iron-sulfur clusters, resulting from hampered superoxide dismutase signaling, is causative of the mitochondrial deficiency and long term mitochondrial iron overload occurring in FRDA.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Biopsy
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytochrome c Group / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fibroblasts / enzymology
  • Friedreich Ataxia / enzymology*
  • Humans
  • Iron / metabolism
  • Iron-Binding Proteins*
  • Iron-Regulatory Proteins
  • Iron-Sulfur Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Oligomycins / pharmacology
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptors, Transferrin / metabolism
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / enzymology*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism*

Substances

  • Cytochrome c Group
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Iron-Binding Proteins
  • Iron-Regulatory Proteins
  • Iron-Sulfur Proteins
  • Oligomycins
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Transferrin
  • frataxin
  • Iron
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)