Introduction: In this study, immunoneutralization of endogenous insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin with specific antibodies was used in an isolated perfused human pancreas (IPHP) model.
Aims: To study intrapancreatic cellular interactions and pancreatic hormonal secretion.
Methodology: Randomized, sequential 10-minute test intervals of single-pass perfusion with each antibody were performed at 3.9 mM or 11.5 mM steady-state glucose concentrations. Somatostatin, insulin, and glucagon levels were measured in the effluent during basal and immunoneutralization intervals.
Results: At 3.9 mM glucose concentration, somatostatin antibody (SS-Ab) stimulated insulin and glucagon secretion, insulin antibody (IN-Ab) inhibited glucagon secretion, and glucagon antibody (GN-Ab) stimulated insulin secretion. At 11.5 mM glucose concentration, SS-Ab stimulated insulin secretion, IN-Ab stimulated glucagon and inhibited somatostatin secretion, and GN-Ab stimulated insulin secretion.
Conclusion: The variation in hormonal responses to immunoneutralization during stimulated and nonstimulated glucose conditions suggests that a dynamic association exists between the pancreatic cells.