Study objectives: End-stage lung disease is associated with poor quality of life and increased risk for psychological distress. Despite the significant number of individuals with end-stage lung diseases, the emotional health of these patients, as compared with those with other chronic organ diseases, is not well-known. The purpose of this article is to elucidate personality styles and the presence of psychopathology in a clinical sample of patients with end-stage lung disease presenting for possible lung transplantation.
Design: Cross-sectional survey.
Setting: Two academic medical center transplant programs.
Participants: Two hundred forty-three consecutively referred transplant candidates.
Results: Cluster analysis of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 indicated five different personality styles. The majority of patients evidenced mild somatic and depressive symptoms. Approximately one fourth of the sample exhibited marked anxiety and mood disturbances. A small cluster also evidenced features consistent with an antisocial personality style.
Conclusions: Separate and distinct personality styles that could affect quality of life, the need for adjunct treatments, and medical compliance emerged from this sample of individuals with end-stage lung disease. Results are discussed in light of prior research on other end-stage organ conditions and in relation to personality and coping theories.