Lentiviral vectors, so far, have been optimized for the expression of a single open reading frame. Certain practical applications of gene therapy will, however, require expression of multiple genes. The goal of this study was to explore the feasibility of directing expression of two marker genes from a lentiviral vector. We designed two types of multigene lentiviral vectors. First, we used a strategy based on the natural splicing signals of HIV-1, by which multiple mRNAs are generated from a single transcriptional unit. A second strategy was construction of a polycistronic mRNA using a translational cis-acting element, the encephalomyocarditis virus internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Our studies show that the inclusion of multiple genes in lentiviral vectors does not result in reduction in virus titers or in the loss of ability to infect nondividing cells. We introduced mutations in tat and/or rev to test whether splicing modulates the relative levels of expression of reporter genes. We also developed a truncated version of tat, which is devoid of the apoptosis-associated domain. Inclusion of this tat mutant in a lentiviral vector resulted in the generation of virus with titers similar to those of lentivirus vectors expressing wild-type tat.