Objective: To study the outcome of a multi-centred post-molar pregnancy serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) surveillance programme.
Methods: Patients recruited into the multi-centred post-molar serum hCG surveillance programme between 1988 and 1996 were studied. The clinical data were obtained from medical records and computer database.
Results: There were 616 patients in the study. Twenty-five (11%) of 224 patients with molar pregnancy and 28 (7%) of 392 patients with partial molar pregnancy were diagnosed to have persistent trophoblastic tumour (PTT) requiring chemotherapy. Of the 53 patients treated for PTT, 58.5% received intravenous methotrexate (MTX), 22.6% received both MTX and actinomycin D, and 19% received CHAMOC, a multiple chemotherapeutic regimen. Four patients receiving single drug had to change the regimen because of poor response, and all recovered and remained well. There were 3 cases of recurrence, one in each group of patients receiving single, dual or multiple agents. One patient died because of treatment complication. The rest were well with a mean follow-up of 42 months.
Conclusions: Post-molar serum hCG surveillance is important to detecting persistent trophoblastic activity. Early treatment of PTT by the appropriate chemotherapy has a near hundred percent cure and prevents the progression of PTT into more advanced trophoblastic malignancy such as choriocarcinoma.