From milliseconds to millions of years: guard cells and environmental responses

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2001 Oct;4(5):421-8. doi: 10.1016/s1369-5266(00)00195-3.


During the past year, significant advances have been made in our understanding of stomatal development and its response to climate change, and in our knowledge of how guard cell Ca(2+) oscillations encode environmental signals. Recent studies on (de)phosphorylation mechanisms have provided new information on how guard cells respond to abscisic acid and blue light.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Calcium Signaling / physiology*
  • Cold Temperature
  • Environment
  • Light
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Plant Physiological Phenomena*
  • Plant Structures / physiology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Water / metabolism


  • Water
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases