Essential techniques for successful radio-frequency thermal ablation of malignant hepatic tumors

Radiographics. 2001 Oct;21 Spec No:S17-35; discussion S36-9. doi: 10.1148/radiographics.21.suppl_1.g01oc11s17.


Radio-frequency thermal ablation is one of the most promising minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of nonresectable hepatic tumors. Essential technical tips to successful radio-frequency ablation therapy were collected from five international experts. They were organized into five categories: understanding the mechanisms and principles of radio-frequency ablation, modulation of tissue physiologic characteristics to increase tumor destruction, strategies of overlapping ablations, strategies to improve ablation according to tumor location, and imaging strategies after ablation to ensure adequate therapy. Established factors for optimal ablation, as well as emerging technical tips, are addressed with illustrations in each section. These essential tips will be very helpful for physicians performing radio-frequency ablation of hepatic tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catheter Ablation / methods*
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Radiography, Interventional
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional