Selection of patients for resection of hepatic metastases: improved detection of extrahepatic disease with FDG pet

Radiographics. 2001 Oct:21 Spec No:S55-69. doi: 10.1148/radiographics.21.suppl_1.g01oc05s55.


A rapidly emerging clinical application of positron emission tomography (PET) is the detection of tumor tissue at whole-body studies performed with the glucose analogue 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG). High rates of recurrence after partial hepatic resection in patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases indicate that current presurgical imaging strategies are failing to show extrahepatic tumor deposits. Although FDG PET cannot match the anatomic resolution of conventional imaging techniques in the liver and the lungs, it is particularly useful for identification and characterization of extrahepatic disease. FDG PET can show foci of metastatic disease that may not be apparent at conventional anatomic imaging and can aid in the characterization of indeterminate soft-tissue masses. Several sources of benign and physiologic increased activity at FDG PET emphasize the need for careful correlation with findings of other imaging studies and clinical findings. FDG PET can improve the selection of patients for partial hepatic resection and thereby reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with inappropriate surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Liver Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Liver Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Liver Neoplasms / surgery
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging
  • Patient Selection*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods*


  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18