Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Clinical Trial
, 163 (40), 5519-24

[Effect of Irbesartan on the Development of Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes]

[Article in Danish]
Affiliations
  • PMID: 11601118
Clinical Trial

[Effect of Irbesartan on the Development of Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes]

[Article in Danish]
H H Parving et al. Ugeskr Laeger.

Abstract

Introduction: Microalbuminuria and hypertension are risk factors for the development of diabetic nephropathy. Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system reduces progression to diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetic patients, whereas similar data are lacking for hypertensive type 2 diabetic subjects. We evaluated the renoprotective effect of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, irbesartan, in hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria.

Material and methods: Five hundred and ninety hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria were enrolled in this multinational, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of irbesartan 150 mg/daily or 300 mg/daily or matching placebo for two years. The primary outcome was time to progression to diabetic nephropathy, defined as a persistent overnight albuminuria > 200 micrograms/min and at least a 30 per cent increase from baseline.

Results: Baseline characteristics in the three groups were similar. Ten patients (5.2 per cent) receiving irbesartan 300 mg and 19 patients (9.7 per cent) receiving irbesartan 150 mg daily reached the primary end point, as compared to 30 (14.9 per cent) patients on placebo (hazard ratio 0.30 [95 per cent confidence interval 0.14 to 0.61], p < 0.001 and 0.61 [95 per cent confidence interval 0.34 to 1.08] p = 0.08), respectively). The average blood pressure throughout the study was 144/83, 143/83, and 141/81 mmHg in the placebo, irbesartan 150 mg and 300 mg group, respectively (p = 0.004 for systolic blood pressure). Serious adverse events were less frequent in the patients treated with irbesartan (p = 0.02).

Discussions: Irbesartan is renoprotective independently of its blood pressure lowering effect in type 2 diabetic subjects with microalbuminuria. It is safe and well tolerated.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 3 articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback