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. 2001 Sep;56(5-6):803-8.
doi: 10.1007/s002530100689.

Pyrene Degradation by Two Fungi in a Freshwater Sediment and Evaluation of Fungal Biomass by Ergosterol Content

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Pyrene Degradation by Two Fungi in a Freshwater Sediment and Evaluation of Fungal Biomass by Ergosterol Content

C Ravelet et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. .

Abstract

Mucor racemosus var. sphaerosporus and Phialophora alba were investigated for their abilities to degrade pyrene in a freshwater sediment, with or without glucose supply as nutrient or carbon source, during 90 days. The ergosterol contents in sediment were quantified to estimate fungal biomass and to assess the correlation between fungal activity and biodegradation of pyrene. Results showed that, in an heterogeneous environment, these fungi presented different abilities to degrade pyrene. P. alba increased the degree of pyrene degradation by 9%, compared to the native micro-organisms, but a supply of glucose acted as an inhibitor to pyrene disappearance. M. racemosus var. sphaerosporus was not efficient at sediment bioremediation (with or without glucose added), because it reduced the rate of pyrene degradation by the native microflora. In any case, there was no increase of ergosterol in boxes during bioremediation experiments. In our experimental conditions, ergosterol content could not be correlated to pyrene degradation.

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