Assessment of smell and taste in patients with allergic rhinitis

Acta Otolaryngol. 2000 Mar;120(2):323-6. doi: 10.1080/000164800750001189.


We examined the senses of smell and taste in 240 patients with verified hypersensitivity reactions of the respiratory tract. Olfactometry was performed according to Elsberg and Levy's method and followed by electrogustometry. The examinations revealed that the incidence of smell and taste disorders in patients with allergic rhinitis is 21.4% and 31.2%, respectively. No significant relationships between smell and taste dysfunction were found. We evaluated statistically positive correlations between the olfactory and gustatory thresholds compared with 78 qualitative and quantitative factors assessed in the study. There was a statistically significant relationship between the olfactory thresholds and levels of eosinophils in blood and in nasal discharge. acid reaction of the nasal mucosa, coexisting nasal polyps and X-ray changes in the ethmoid sinuses. There was a positive influence of pharmacotherapy as well as specific desensitization and surgery on the impairment of the sense of smell in allergic rhinitis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ageusia / diagnosis*
  • Asthma / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasal Polyps / diagnosis
  • Olfaction Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / complications
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / diagnosis*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / complications
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / diagnosis*
  • Sensory Thresholds