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, 41 (10), 1244-8

HLA Class II Antibodies in Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury


HLA Class II Antibodies in Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury

P M Kopko et al. Transfusion.


Background: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious, sometimes fatal, complication of transfusion. Granulocyte and HLA class I antibodies present in blood donors have been associated with TRALI. HLA class II antibodies have recently been described in a few cases of TRALI.

Study design and methods: Donors involved in TRALI reactions reported to a blood center over an 18-month period were tested for HLA class I and II antibodies as well as granulocyte antibodies, if HLA antibodies were not identified.

Results: HLA class II antibodies were identified, in at least one donor, in 7 (64%) of 11 cases of TRALI. HLA class I antibodies were identified in combination with HLA class II antibodies in 5 of these 7 cases. HLA class I antibodies were exclusively identified in 2 cases. Granulocyte antibodies were identified in 1 case, and no antibodies were identified in another.

Conclusion: In addition to HLA class I antibodies, HLA class II antibodies are associated with TRALI. Testing of donors for HLA class II antibodies as well as HLA class I and granulocyte antibodies is recommended as part of the investigation of suspected cases of TRALI.

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