Duodenal somatostatinoma presenting with complete somatostatinoma syndrome

J Clin Gastroenterol. 2001 Nov-Dec;33(5):415-7. doi: 10.1097/00004836-200111000-00015.


Somatostatinomas are the rarest pancreatic endocrine tumors and can arise in the pancreas or duodenum. Duodenal somatostatinomas are less common than, and are distinguished from, their pancreatic counterparts by a frequent association with type I neurofibromatosis, the presence of psammoma bodies, the less frequent presence of metastatic disease, and the absence of somatostatinoma syndrome (diabetes mellitus, steatorrhea, and cholelithiasis). We report a case of somatostatinoma with metastases and psammoma bodies presenting with all three features of the syndrome in a patient with neurofibromatosis. Although several reports have documented portions of the syndrome in patients with duodenal somatostatinomas, to our knowledge, this is the first report of the complete syndrome associated with a duodenal lesion.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ampulla of Vater
  • Celiac Disease / etiology
  • Cholelithiasis / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / etiology
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / complications
  • Somatostatinoma / complications*
  • Syndrome