Src directly tyrosine-phosphorylates STAT5 on its activation site and is involved in erythropoietin-induced signaling pathway

Oncogene. 2001 Oct 4;20(45):6643-50. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1204807.


Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins are transcription factors activated by phosphorylation on tyrosine residues after cytokine stimulation. In erythropoietin receptor (EPOR)-mediated signaling, STAT5 is tyrosine-phosphorylated by EPO stimulation. Although Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) is reported to play a crucial role in EPO-induced activation of STAT5, it is unclear whether JAK2 alone can tyrosine-phosphorylate STAT5 after EPO stimulation. Several studies indicate that STAT activation is caused by members of other families of protein tyrosine kinases such as the Src family. We previously reported that reduction of Src by induction of antisense src RNA expression suppressed EPO-promoted erythroid differentiation in K562 cells. In the present study, we explored the function of Src downstream of the EPOR-initiated signaling. Reduction of Src diminished tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5 in K562 cells regardless of EPO treatment. The tyrosine phosphorylation level of STAT5 induced by EPO in F-36P cells was reduced in the presence of PP1 or PP2 selective Src inhibitor. In addition, the expression of dominant negative Src in F-36P cells reduced the tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5. When Src and STAT5 were co-expressed in COS7 cells, tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5 was observed, and tyrosine residue 694 (Tyr 694) of STAT5A was identified as the major phosphorylation site by Src. In vitro kinase assay revealed that GST-STAT5 fusion protein with the conserved C-terminal, but not the C-terminal-truncated mutant which lacks Tyr 694, was tyrosine-phosphorylated by Src. Src can thus directly tyrosine-phosphorylate the activation site of STAT5 (Tyr 694 in STAT5A), and Src may contribute to EPO-induced signal transduction via STAT5.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Erythropoietin / pharmacology*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • K562 Cells
  • Milk Proteins*
  • Mutation
  • Oligoribonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Trans-Activators / chemistry
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Trans-Activators / physiology*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • src-Family Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • src-Family Kinases / genetics
  • src-Family Kinases / physiology*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Milk Proteins
  • Oligoribonucleotides, Antisense
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • STAT5A protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Erythropoietin
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • JAK2 protein, human
  • Janus Kinase 2
  • src-Family Kinases