Principlism and its alleged competitors

Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 1995 Sep;5(3):181-98. doi: 10.1353/ken.0.0111.


Principles that provide general normative frameworks in bioethics have been criticized since the late 1980s, when several different methods and types of moral philosophy began to be proposed as alternatives or substitutes. Several accounts have emerged in recent years, including: (1) Impartial Rule Theory (supported in this issue by K. Danner Clouser), (2) Casuistry (supported in this issue by Albert Jonsen), and (3) Virtue Ethics (supported in this issue by Edmund D. Pellegrino). Although often presented as rival methods or theories, these approaches are consistent with and should not be considered adversaries of a principle-based account.

MeSH terms

  • Altruism
  • Beneficence
  • Bioethics*
  • Casuistry
  • Empathy
  • Ethical Analysis*
  • Ethical Theory*
  • Ethicists
  • Ethics*
  • Freedom
  • Human Rights
  • Humans
  • Methods*
  • Moral Obligations
  • Personal Autonomy
  • Principle-Based Ethics*
  • Social Justice
  • Social Responsibility
  • Social Values
  • Virtues

Personal name as subject

  • Tom Beauchamp
  • James Childress
  • K Danner Clouser
  • Bernard Gert
  • Albert Jonsen
  • Edmund Pellegrino