Advance directives and the personal identity problem

Philos Public Aff. Fall 1988;17(4):277-302.

Abstract

KIE: The value and authority of advance directives such as the living will and the durable power of attorney are discussed, as well as the dangers of loss of personal identity and psychological continuity that these directives present. Differing theories of the degree of psychological continuity necessary for the preservation of personal identity are examined, concluding with the author's "compromise position" that cases of permanent unconsciousness and neurological dementia destroy some of the preconditions for personhood and thereby negate the choice between respecting the wishes of the formerly competent person and the new, different person's life because such beings are not persons at all.

MeSH terms

  • Advance Directive Adherence*
  • Advance Directives*
  • Age Factors
  • Altruism
  • Brain Diseases*
  • Brain Injuries*
  • Decision Making
  • Dementia*
  • Ethics*
  • Euthanasia, Passive*
  • Freedom
  • Human Rights*
  • Humans
  • Individuality*
  • Life Support Care*
  • Living Wills
  • Mental Competency*
  • Moral Obligations*
  • Paternalism
  • Persistent Vegetative State
  • Personal Autonomy
  • Personhood*
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Reference Standards*
  • Right to Die*
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Responsibility*
  • Third-Party Consent
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Refusal