Structures and Stabilities of Ternary Copper(II) Complexes with 3,5-Diiodo-L-tyrosinate. Weak Interactions Involving Iodo Groups

Inorg Chem. 1996 Nov 20;35(24):7148-7155. doi: 10.1021/ic960599x.

Abstract

Structures and stabilities of the ternary copper(II) complexes Cu(DA)(AA), where AA refers to 3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosinate (I(2)tyr) or L-tyrosinate (Tyr) and DA refers to 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine (ampy), histamine (hista), or ethylenediamine (en), have been investigated by potentiometric, spectroscopic, and X-ray diffraction methods. The stability constants have been determined by potentiometric titrations at 25 degrees C and ionic strength I = 0.1 M (KNO(3)). The equilibrium constants K for a hypothetical equilibrium, Cu(DA)(Ala) + Cu(en)(AA) Cu(DA)(AA) + Cu(en)(Ala) where Ala refers to L-alanine, have been calculated from the determined overall stability constants of the ternary complexes for estimating the stability enhancement due to the stacking interaction between the aromatic rings in Cu(DA)(AA). Large positive log K values have been obtained for the Cu(DA)(I(2)tyrOH) and Cu(DA)(I(2)tyrO(-)) systems (DA = phen or bpy, OH and O(-) refer to the protonated and deprotonated forms of the phenol moiety, respectively), indicating that the complexes are stabilized by effective stacking. Differences between the log K values for Cu(DA)(I(2)tyr) and Cu(DA)(Tyr) systems indicate that the iodine substituents greatly contribute to the stability enhancement. A distinct circular dichroism (CD) magnitude anomaly was also observed for the systems with large log K value, supporting the existence of the stacking interaction in Cu(DA)(AA). Two complexes, [Cu(bpy)(I(2)tyrO(-))(H(2)O)].2H(2)O (1) and [Cu(bpy)(I(2)tyrOH)(NO(3))].CH(3)OH (2), have been isolated as crystals and analyzed by the X-ray diffraction method. Both 1 and 2 crystallized in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with four molecules in a unit cell of dimensions a = 9.2339(4), b = 16.9230(8), and c = 14.8584(5) Å for complex 1, and a = 11.2240(8), b = 11.715(1), and c = 17.966(2) Å for complex 2. The central Cu(II) ion for both complexes has a similar distorted five-coordinate square-pyramidal geometry with the equatorial positions occupied by the two nitrogen atoms of bpy and the nitrogen and oxygen atoms of I(2)tyr, and the apical position is occupied by a water molecule (for 1) or a nitrate ion (for 2). The opposite site to the axial water or nitrate oxygen atom is intramolecularly occupied by the side chain aromatic ring, which is approximately parallel to the copper coordination plane with the average spacing of 3.31 or 3.30 Å for complex 1 or 2, respectively, directly exhibiting the effective stacking interaction between the aromatic rings in the solid state. Distances between the iodine and one of the pyridine rings of bpy (3.79 Å for 1 and 3.56 Å for 2) are shorter than the van der Waals distance (3.85 Å), implying that the iodine substituent may be involved in a weak bonding interaction with the pyridine ring. Effects of the iodine substituents on the stacking interactions between the diiodophenol side ring and the coordinated aromatic diamine and their possible biological relevance have been discussed.