We have developed a polymerase chain reaction method using sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) for rapid and correct genotyping of the common Lewis (FUT3) gene mutations 59T>G, 202T>C, 314C>T, 508G>A, and 1067T>A. The PCR-SSP method was validated on 20 healthy blood donors and 16 non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. All individuals were in parallel genotyped by our established polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. The FUT3 genotypes, determined with the PCR-SSP method, were in complete accordance with the results of the PCR-RFLP reference method. The PCR-SSP method could also be adapted to assign the presence of a specific mutation to the respective FUT3 alleles. We found the method to be reliable, rapid and cheap with no requirements for restriction enzyme processing.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.