Comparison of gene expression in CD34+ cells from bone marrow and G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood by high-density oligonucleotide array analysis

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2001;7(9):486-94. doi: 10.1053/bbmt.2001.v7.pm11669215.


A prospective randomized trial has shown that there is a survival advantage for allogeneic transplant recipients who received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (GPBMC) versus those who received bone marrow (BM) as a source of stem cells. The biological basis for this advantage is not clear and may be attributable to qualitative as well as quantitative differences in the CD34 cells, T cells, and/or the monocytes transplanted. To begin to address this issue, gene expression patterns in CD34 cells isolated from these 2 stem cell sources were compared to identify functional pathways that may distinguish these 2 populations. CD34 cells were isolated to purity from the BM and peripheral blood stem cells of multiple healthy donors. (The complete data set will be available at upon publication.) Two separate RNA preparations from pooled samples from both sources were analyzed by Affymetrix Oligonucleotide Array chips for expression of over 6400 human genes. Comparative analyses among the samples showed that a small set of 28 sequences increased and 38 sequences decreased in expression more than 3-fold in both of the GPBMC samples compared to those in BM samples. More highly expressed genes include several for nuclear proteins and transcriptional factors. Functional categorization of the genes decreased in expression indicated sequences influential in cell cycle progression, in agreement with the recognized quiescence of circulating CD34 cells. Multiple transcriptional regulators and chemokines were also found to be decreased. These data emphasize that in addition to increased numbers of CD34 cells, G-CSF mobilization also results in significant qualitative changes. Whether they impact engraftment remains to be determined.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antigens, CD34 / analysis
  • Biotinylation
  • Blood Cells / metabolism*
  • Bone Marrow Cells / drug effects
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism*
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / classification
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Subtraction Technique


  • Antigens, CD34
  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor