Epidemiology, clinical course and impact on hospitalization costs of acute diarrhea among hospitalized children in Athens, Greece

Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33(9):681-5. doi: 10.1080/00365540110026935.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the etiology, morbidity and hospitalization costs associated with acute diarrhea among hospitalized children in Greece. During 1999, 294 hospitalized children (median age 1 y) with acute diarrhea were prospectively studied. Bacterial and viral enteropathogens were detected in 100 (34%) and 37 (12.5%) patients, respectively; 17 (6%) patients had mixed infections. Isolated agents included Salmonella spp. (43 patients; 15%), rotavirus (32; 11%), Campylobacter spp. (26; 9%), enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (16; 5.5%), Shigella spp. (11; 4%), Aeromonas spp. (7; 2.5%), adenovirus (6; 2%), Yersinia enterocolitica (6; 2%), enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (2; 0.5%) and Giardia lamblia (1; 0.5%). Of the patients with bacterial infection, 70% were admitted between April and September 1999. A rotavirus-associated peak was noted in March. Patients with a bacterial infection were hospitalized for longer periods than those with viral infections. It is concluded that bacterial enteropathogens account for one-third of admissions due to acute diarrhea among children in Greece and are associated with significant hospitalization costs. Rotavirus is also a frequent cause of acute diarrhea necessitating hospitalization.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Campylobacter / isolation & purification
  • Child
  • Child, Hospitalized / statistics & numerical data*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea / economics*
  • Diarrhea / epidemiology*
  • Diarrhea / microbiology
  • Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification
  • Female
  • Greece / epidemiology
  • Hospital Costs*
  • Hospitalization / economics
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rotavirus / isolation & purification
  • Salmonella / isolation & purification
  • Seasons
  • Shigella / isolation & purification