Discoid lateral meniscus in children: clinical manifestations and morphology

J Pediatr Orthop. Nov-Dec 2001;21(6):812-6.

Abstract

The authors investigated the correlation between the clinical manifestations and the morphology of discoid lateral meniscus. Thirty-eight children, age 5 to 17 years, with 39 cases of discoid lateral meniscus underwent an arthroscopic procedure and magnetic resonance imaging. The two most frequent preoperative clinical manifestations were pain and extension block. In 19 cases without surface tear, the most frequent clinical manifestation was extension block. In the sagittal magnetic resonance images, the mean thickness of the anterior portion of the discoid lateral meniscus (7.77 mm) in the group with extension block exceeded that (4.02 mm) in the group without extension block. Extension block was significantly more common in patients with the anterior hypertrophy type and the slab (anterior-posterior diffusely hypertrophic) type than in the posterior hypertrophy type by the modified Hall classification. As a result, extension block was significantly correlated with the morphology of the menisci. Also, the thickened anterior portion of the discoid lateral meniscus may be considered one of the mechanical factors that limit knee extension.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Arthroscopy
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Menisci, Tibial / abnormalities*
  • Menisci, Tibial / surgery