Integrating text and pictorial information: eye movements when looking at print advertisements

J Exp Psychol Appl. 2001 Sep;7(3):219-26. doi: 10.1037//1076-898x.7.3.219.


Viewers looked at print advertisements as their eye movements were recorded. Half of them were told to pay special attention to car ads, and the other half were told to pay special attention to skin-care ads. Viewers tended to spend more time looking at the text than the picture part of the ad, though they did spend more time looking at the type of ad they were instructed to pay attention to. Fixation durations and saccade lengths were both longer on the picture part of the ad than the text, but more fixations were made on the text regions. Viewers did not alternate fixations between the text and picture part of the ad, but they tended to read the large print, then the smaller print, and then they looked at the picture (although some viewers did an initial cursory scan of the picture). Implications for (a) how viewers integrate pictorial and textual information and (b) applied research and advertisement development are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Advertising*
  • Attention*
  • Eye Movements*
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Reading*
  • Size Perception