Who enrolls in a self-help cessation program for smokeless tobacco?

Addict Behav. 2001 Sep-Oct;26(5):757-64. doi: 10.1016/s0306-4603(00)00159-3.


To further our understanding of the representativeness of the smokeless tobacco (SLT) user recruited to various treatment settings, and to suggest gaps in services available to SLT users, we first compared participants who enrolled in a self-help cessation program with two samples of nontreatment-seeking SLT users: SLT users identified through a random digit dialing (RDD) survey, and SLT users who came to 1 of 75 dental practices for a routine cleaning visit. We found that those in the self-help SLT cessation program were older, more educated, more likely to have made a serious quit attempt, and used more SLT weekly than those who did not seek treatment. Secondly, we compared SLT users seeking treatment in three different treatment settings varying in accessibility and intensity: self-help study participants, SLT users enrolled in a clinic-based study, and callers to the California Help Line for SLT cessation. Participants differed across the three studies on demographics, some measures of dependence, and history of SLT use.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology
  • Patient Selection
  • Self-Help Groups*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology
  • Tobacco, Smokeless*