Syk protein-tyrosine kinase has been implicated in a variety of hematopoietic cell responses, in particular immunoreceptor signaling events that mediate diverse cellular responses including proliferation, differentiation, and phagocytosis. On the other hand, Syk exhibits a more widespread expression pattern in nonhematopoietic cells like fibroblasts, epithelial cells, breast tissue, hepatocytes, neuronal cells, and vascular endothelial cells and has been shown to be functionally important on these cell types. Thus, Syk appears to play a general physiological function in a wide variety of cells. In this article, we briefly review the current literature regarding the expression and novel function of Syk in various cells and tissues.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.