Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: a comparative study of motor development to two years of age

Aust J Physiother. 1997;43(1):19-25. doi: 10.1016/s0004-9514(14)60399-8.


This study investigated the influence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on the motor development of children in the first two years of life. Sixty-four children with BPD and 53 control infants were assessed at eight months and two years corrected for prematurity using the neuro-sensory and motor development assessment (NSMDA). Results indicated a significant delay in gross motor performance of the study children at eight months. By two years, considerable catch-up had occurred, but a significant difference in postural control and balance between the study and control groups was identified. When corrected for periventricular haemorrhage and ventricular dilatation, although substantial, the difference was not statistically significant. When growth <10th centile was considered in the study infants, postural control, overall motor performance and neurological status were significantly less than in those whose growth was within normal limits.