E7070 (N-(3-Chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulphonamide) was selected from our sulphonamide compound collections via antitumour screening and flow cytometric analysis. Following treatment with E7070, the cell cycle progression of P388 murine leukaemia cells was disturbed in the G1 phase. The cell-killing effect on human colon cancer HCT116 cells was found to be time-dependent. In the panel of 42 human tumour cell lines, E7070 showed an antitumour spectrum that was distinct from those of other anticancer drugs used in clinic. Animal tests using human tumour xenograft models demonstrated that E7070 could cause not only tumour growth suppression, but also tumour regression in three of five colorectal and two of two lung cancers. In the HCT116 xenograft model, E7070 was shown to be superior to 5-FU, MMC and CPT-11 (irinotecan). Furthermore, complete regression of advanced LX-1 tumours was observed in 80% of E7070-treated mice. All of these observations have promoted this drug to clinical evaluation.