Aims: Vitamin D can influence lipolysis and insulin secretion. A common genetic polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor, which has been found to be associated with bone mineral density, has also been reported to be associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. To test the influence of the vitamin D receptor polymorphism on the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease we studied a population of high-risk patients, who were referred to our clinic for diagnostic coronary angiography.
Methods: A total of 293 patients considered at high risk for coronary artery disease because of angina pectoris and known hypercholesterolaemia underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. The BsmI vitamin D receptor polymorphism was analysed by polymerase chain reaction.
Results: Prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease was gradually dependent on the number of B alleles (BB 28%, Bb 13%, bb 8% for Type 2 diabetes mellitus, P = 0.002; BB 88% Bb 72%, bb 66% coronary artery disease, P = 0.01). Patients with the BB genotype had an odds ratio of 3.64 (95% confidence interval 1.53-8.55, P = 0.002) to have Type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with patients with the bb genotype.
Conclusions: The genotype of the vitamin D receptor polymorphism determines the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease in a high-risk cohort population.