Motivational interviewing with cocaine-dependent patients: a pilot study

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001 Oct;69(5):858-62. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.69.5.858.


A brief motivational interviewing (MI) intervention was evaluated within the context of an outpatient, cocaine-detoxification program. MI was hypothesized to assist patients in completing the detoxification program and to improve outcomes during subsequent treatment. Participants (N = 105) were randomly assigned to MI or to detox-only conditions. Results indicated that although participants completed the detoxification program at equal rates, completers who received MI increased use of behavioral coping strategies and had fewer cocaine-positive urine samples on beginning the primary treatment. MI patients with lower initial motivation were more likely to complete detoxification.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / psychology*
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Random Allocation