Gene transfer using human papillomavirus pseudovirions varies according to virus genotype and requires cell surface heparan sulfate

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001 Oct 16;204(1):183-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2001.tb10883.x.


Artificial viruses consisting of DNA plasmid packaged in vitro into virus-like particles (VLPs) are new vehicles for gene transfer. We therefore investigated the ability of nine human papillomavirus (HPV) VLPs to interact with heterologous DNA and transfer genes. HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 39, 45, 58, 59, and 68 VLPs were able to bind heterologous DNA and to transfer genes into Cos-7 cells. Inhibition of gene transfer by preincubation of the pseudovirions with heparin confirmed that heparan sulfate on the cell surface plays a role as cell receptor for HPVs. As HPV neutralizing antibodies are mainly type-specific, gene transfer with different HPV pseudovirions offers the possibility of their sequential use in vivo for a greater efficacy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • Genetic Vectors*
  • Genotype
  • Heparitin Sulfate / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Papillomaviridae / classification
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics*
  • Papillomaviridae / metabolism
  • Papillomaviridae / pathogenicity
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Receptors, Virus / metabolism*
  • Virion / genetics


  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Virus
  • Heparitin Sulfate