Xp95, a protein recently identified in Xenopus laevis, is potentially involved in progesterone-induced Xenopus oocyte maturation. In this study, we cloned a human homologue of Xp95, designated Hp95, and examined the effect of its overexpression on the growth properties of human malignant HeLa cells which have lost the contact inhibition of cell proliferation. We observed that although HeLa cells did not undergo G1 phase arrest at any stage after confluence, they were able to downregulate their G1 phase CDK activities in response to confluence. When Hp95 was overexpressed in HeLa cells by transfection with a constitutive or an inducible expression vector containing a full-length Hp95 transgene, HeLa cells became able to undergo G1 phase arrest and form a monolayer culture after confluence. However, the G1 phase CDK activities in these Hp95 overexpressing cells were not inhibited further as compared to control cells after confluence. These results indicate that the defects in HeLa cells that cause the loss of contact inhibition of cell proliferation are in components downstream of the G1 phase CDKs and that overexpression of Hp95 counteracts some of these defects.