Human serum albumin binding of novel antiretroviral nucleoside derivatives of AZT

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 9;288(4):954-60. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2001.5878.


The binding of novel nucleoside derivatives (2-7) to the Human Serum Albumin (HSA) was studied using zidovudine (AZT), as standard compound. The applicability of two different techniques to separate unbound drug from drug-protein complex was analyzed: the gel filtration and ultrafiltration methods. Ultrafiltration was found to be an adequate procedure for the separation of unbounded drug from the drug-protein complex. Incubation temperature ranging from 0 to 37 degrees C did not modify considerably the bound fractions. The same effects were observed as HSA concentration was modified. Binding assays of studied compounds to purified 1% (w/v) HSA at 0 degrees C, indicate that bound fraction of 2-7 ranges from 13 to 47%, exhibiting a higher affinity to HSA than AZT (12%), which would introduce some interesting improvements in their pharmacokinetic properties. In addition, by means of displacement studies using HSA site specific drugs such as diazepam and salicylate, it was determined that AZT binds to site I of the HSA molecule, by a mainly entropy driven process (DeltaS = 10.834 cal/mol degrees K), being these observations extensive to 2-7. Some structural basis to explain enhanced affinity of these novel derivatives was also established.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding, Competitive
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Decanoic Acids / metabolism
  • Decanoic Acids / pharmacology
  • Diazepam / metabolism
  • Entropy
  • Humans
  • Models, Molecular
  • Prodrugs / chemistry
  • Prodrugs / metabolism
  • Prodrugs / pharmacokinetics
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Secondary / drug effects
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Salicylic Acid / metabolism
  • Serum Albumin / chemistry
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism*
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Temperature
  • Ultrafiltration
  • Zidovudine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Zidovudine / chemistry
  • Zidovudine / metabolism*
  • Zidovudine / pharmacokinetics


  • Decanoic Acids
  • Prodrugs
  • Serum Albumin
  • Zidovudine
  • decanoic acid
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Diazepam