Integrated model of visual processing

Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 2001 Oct;36(2-3):96-107. doi: 10.1016/s0165-0173(01)00085-6.


Cortical processing of visual information requires that information be exchanged between neurons coding for distant regions in the visual field. It is argued that feedback connections are the best candidates for such rapid long-distance interconnections. In the integrated model, information arriving in the cortex from the magnocellular layers of the lateral geniculate nucleus is first sent and processed in the parietal cortex that is very rapidly activated by a visual stimulus. Results from this first-pass computation are then sent back by feedback connections to areas V1 and V2 that act as 'active black-boards' for the rest of the visual cortical areas: information retroinjected from the parietal cortex is used to guide further processing of parvocellular and koniocellular information in the inferotemporal cortex.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Feedback / physiology*
  • Geniculate Bodies / cytology
  • Geniculate Bodies / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Parietal Lobe / physiology
  • Temporal Lobe / cytology
  • Temporal Lobe / physiology
  • Visual Cortex / cytology
  • Visual Cortex / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / cytology
  • Visual Pathways / physiology*
  • Visual Perception / physiology*