EEG coherence studies in the normal brain and after early-onset cortical pathologies

Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 2001 Oct;36(2-3):119-28. doi: 10.1016/s0165-0173(01)00087-x.


Visual corpus callosum (CC) preferentially interconnects neurons selective for similar stimulus orientation near the representations of the vertical meridian. These properties allow studying the CC functionality with EEG coherence analysis. Iso-oriented and orthogonally-oriented gratings were presented to the two hemifields, either close to the vertical meridian or far from it. In animals with intact CC, and in man, interhemispheric coherence (ICoh) increased only with iso-oriented gratings presented near or crossing the vertical meridian. The increase was localized to occipital electrodes and was specific for the beta-gamma frequency band. Visual-stimulus induced changes in ICoh were studied in patients with early pathologies of the visual areas. From a girl with abnormal vision and severe bilateral lesion of the primary visual areas at 3 weeks, after premature birth at 30 weeks, we obtained no ICoh response until 9 years. In control children visual stimulation increased occipital ICoh at 6-7 years. From a young man having suffered similar lesions when he was 9 months older than the girl, no consistent increase in ICoh could be obtained. In a 14-year-old girl with congenital visual agnosia, no visible lesions, but with a temporal-occipital epileptic focus, ICoh responses were evoked both by iso-oriented, and by orthogonally-oriented gratings. In a young man with bilateral parieto-occipital microgyria extending into the calcarine sulcus, visual stimuli increased ICoh as in normal individuals, but the response was weaker. These cases are discussed in terms of development of CC connections and point to a variety of plastic changes in the cortical connectivity of children.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Injuries / pathology
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Corpus Callosum / physiology*
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Nervous System Malformations / pathology
  • Nervous System Malformations / physiopathology
  • Vision Disorders / pathology
  • Vision Disorders / physiopathology
  • Visual Cortex / physiology*
  • Visual Perception / physiology*